Blog 1863 - Saumya Singh

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Prezi about the Hunley.

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  1. The Unanimous Declaration of the Thirteen United States of America

    When, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to
    dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to
    assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to
    which the laws of nature and of nature's God entitle them, a decent respect
    to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes
    which impel them to the separation.

    We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal,
    that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that
    among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. That to secure
    these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just
    powers from the consent of the governed. That whenever any form of
    government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people
    to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new government, laying its
    foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to
    them shall seem most likely to effect their safety and happiness. Prudence,
    indeed, will dictate that governments long established should not be changed
    for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shown
    that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than
    to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed.
    But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the
    same object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute despotism, it is
    their right, it is their duty, to throw off such government, and to provide
    new guards for their future security. -- Such has been the patient
    sufferance of these colonies; and such is now the necessity which constrains
    them to alter their former systems of government. The history of the present
    King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all
    having in direct object the establishment of an absolute tyranny over these
    states. To prove this, let facts be submitted to a candid world.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. He has refused his assent to laws, the most wholesome and
      necessary for the public good.

      He has forbidden his governors to pass laws of immediate
      and pressing importance, unless suspended in their
      operation till his assent should be obtained; and when so
      suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them.

      He has refused to pass other laws for the accommodation
      of large districts of people, unless those people would
      relinquish the right of representation in the legislature, a
      right inestimable to them and formidable to tyrants only.

      He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual,
      uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their
      public records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into
      compliance with his measures.

      He has dissolved representative houses repeatedly, for
      opposing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of
      the people.

      He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to
      cause others to be elected; whereby the legislative powers,
      incapable of annihilation, have returned to the people at
      large for their exercise; the state remaining in the meantime
      exposed to all the dangers of invasion from without, and
      convulsions within.

      He has endeavored to prevent the population of these
      states; for that purpose obstructing the laws for
      naturalization of foreigners; refusing to pass others to
      encourage their migration hither, and raising the conditions
      of new appropriations of lands.

      He has obstructed the administration of justice, by refusing
      his assent to laws for establishing judiciary powers.

      He has made judges dependent on his will alone, for the
      tenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of their
      salaries.

      He has erected a multitude of new offices, and sent hither
      swarms of officers to harass our people, and eat out their
      substance.

      He has kept among us, in times of peace, standing armies
      without the consent of our legislature.

      He has affected to render the military independent of and
      superior to civil power.

      He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction
      foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our
      laws; giving his assent to their acts of pretended legislation:

      For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us:

      For protecting them, by mock trial, from punishment for
      any murders which they should commit on the inhabitants
      of these states:

      Delete
    2. He has refused his assent to laws, the most wholesome and
      necessary for the public good.

      He has forbidden his governors to pass laws of immediate
      and pressing importance, unless suspended in their
      operation till his assent should be obtained; and when so
      suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them.

      He has refused to pass other laws for the accommodation
      of large districts of people, unless those people would
      relinquish the right of representation in the legislature, a
      right inestimable to them and formidable to tyrants only.

      He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual,
      uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their
      public records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into
      compliance with his measures.

      He has dissolved representative houses repeatedly, for
      opposing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of
      the people.

      He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to
      cause others to be elected; whereby the legislative powers,
      incapable of annihilation, have returned to the people at
      large for their exercise; the state remaining in the meantime
      exposed to all the dangers of invasion from without, and
      convulsions within.

      He has endeavored to prevent the population of these
      states; for that purpose obstructing the laws for
      naturalization of foreigners; refusing to pass others to
      encourage their migration hither, and raising the conditions
      of new appropriations of lands.

      He has obstructed the administration of justice, by refusing
      his assent to laws for establishing judiciary powers.

      He has made judges dependent on his will alone, for the
      tenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of their
      salaries.

      He has erected a multitude of new offices, and sent hither
      swarms of officers to harass our people, and eat out their
      substance.

      He has kept among us, in times of peace, standing armies
      without the consent of our legislature.

      He has affected to render the military independent of and
      superior to civil power.

      He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction
      foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our
      laws; giving his assent to their acts of pretended legislation:

      For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us:

      For protecting them, by mock trial, from punishment for
      any murders which they should commit on the inhabitants
      of these states:

      For cutting off our trade with all parts of the world:

      For imposing taxes on us without our consent:

      For depriving us in many cases, of the benefits of trial by
      jury:

      For transporting us beyond seas to be tried for pretended
      offenses:

      For abolishing the free system of English laws in a
      neighboring province, establishing therein an arbitrary
      government, and enlarging its boundaries so as to render it
      at once an example and fit instrument for introducing the
      same absolute rule in these colonies:

      For taking away our charters, abolishing our most valuable
      laws, and altering fundamentally the forms of our
      governments:

      For suspending our own legislatures, and declaring
      themselves invested with power to legislate for us in all
      cases whatsoever.

      He has abdicated government here, by declaring us out of
      his protection and waging war against us.

      He has plundered our seas, ravaged our coasts, burned
      our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people.

      He is at this time transporting large armies of foreign
      mercenaries to complete the works of death, desolation
      and tyranny, already begun with circumstances of cruelty
      and perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages,
      and totally unworthy of the head of a civilized nation.

      Delete
    3. He has constrained our fellow citizens taken captive on the
      high seas to bear arms against their country, to become the
      executioners of their friends and brethren, or to fall
      themselves by their hands.

      He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has
      endeavored to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the
      merciless Indian savages, whose known rule of warfare, is
      undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and
      conditions.

      In every stage of these oppressions we have petitioned for redress in the
      most humble terms: our repeated petitions have been answered only by
      repeated injury. A prince, whose character is thus marked by every act which
      may define a tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people.

      Nor have we been wanting in attention to our British brethren. We have
      warned them from time to time of attempts by their legislature to extend an
      unwarrantable jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the
      circumstances of our emigration and settlement here. We have appealed to
      their native justice and magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the ties
      of our common kindred to disavow these usurpations, which, would inevitably
      interrupt our connections and correspondence. They too have been deaf to the
      voice of justice and of consanguinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce
      in the necessity, which denounces our separation, and hold them, as we hold
      the rest of mankind, enemies in war, in peace friends.

      We, therefore, the representatives of the United States of America, in
      General Congress, assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for
      the rectitude of our intentions, do, in the name, and by the authority of
      the good people of these colonies, solemnly publish and declare, that these
      united colonies are, and of right ought to be free and independent states;
      that they are absolved from all allegiance to the British Crown, and that
      all political connection between them and the state of Great Britain, is and
      ought to be totally dissolved; and that as free and independent states, they
      have full power to levey war, conclude peace, contract alliances, establish
      commerce, and to do all other acts and things which independent states may
      of right do. And for the support of this declaration, with a firm reliance
      on the protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our
      lives, our fortunes and our sacred honor.

      Delete

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